What Is Motion Of No Confidence?
According to Pakistan’s constitution, a no-confidence motion can remove the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the National and Provincial Assemblies, the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Senate, as well as the Prime Minister of the country and the Chief Ministers of all provinces.
What is the mechanism to make this separatist movement a success?
And what if the Prime Minister does not allow this movement to take place? What happens after no confidence motion?
Let’s find out now.
How does the no-confidence motion work?
Before a no-confidence motion against the Prime Minister can be passed, the motion must be supported by at least 20% of the total membership of the National Assembly, i.e. 69 (20% of 342=69) members, just to present it.
A written notice is submitted to the Assembly Secretariat after obtaining the support of at least 20% of the members of the Assembly. According to the Constitution of Pakistan, when written notice is received, the Speaker of the National Assembly cannot convene a meeting of the National Assembly before three days or after seven days. Instead, a no-confidence motion has to be convened within seven days to convene a meeting of the National Assembly.
After convening the meeting, voting is done by clarifying the voting procedure. If 172 or more than these votes are in favor of the motion, the motion is approved by a majority. Thus the Prime Minister has to separate from the government, including his advisers and ministers.
Remember that this meeting must be convened within seven days for a vote of no confidence. Otherwise, the no-confidence motion would be considered acceptable and the Prime Minister would have to relinquish his power without contesting.
History Of No-Confidence Motion In Pakistan
Pakistan has had two prime ministers in the past who faced a motion of no confidence. Though it filed no-confidence motions against both, it failed to defeat either.
The most recent example of a no-confidence vote was in 2006. A former President, General Pervez Musharraf, was in power and the opposition filed a no-confidence motion against Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz in order to remove him from power. However, the opposition did not succeed. and General Pervez Musharraf continued to rule with an iron hand.
In 1989, the opposition’s first filed a no-confidence motion against Benazir Bhutto and was rejected by a close margin (was rejected by less than a dozen votes.).